General Information
  • Official name: Republic of Costa Rica.
  • Area: 51,100 square kilometers.
  • Biodiversity: Notwithstanding its small size (it covers only 0.03 % of the planet’s surface), Costa Rica has 4% of the world’s biodiversity. About 25% of the country is under some form of environmental protection∗.
  • Boundaries: To the North with Nicaragua, to the South with Panamá, to the East with the Caribbean Sea and to the West with the Pacific Ocean.
  • Capital (and largest city): San José.
  • Religion: Although freedom of religion exists, the religion of the state is Catholicism, which is practiced by around 74%∗∗ of the population.
  • Territorial division: Costa Rica is divided into seven provinces (San José, Cartago, Heredia, Guanacaste, Limón, Puntarenas and Alajuela).
  • Languages: Spanish is the official language, although a large part of the population also speaks English, which is taught at most public and private schools.
  • Type of government: Democratic Republic. It is the oldest democracy in Latin America.
  • Population: 4,509,392 (according to a 2009 census of the National Institute on Statistics and Census).
  • Life expectancy: 79 years∗∗∗.
  • Literacy: 96%, which makes it the highest in the Central American region.
  • Currency: Colón (¢).
  • Exchange rate: It varies daily. Click here for today’s exchange rate.
  • President: Laura Chinchilla Miranda (2010-2014).
  • Climate: The climate in Costa Rica is tropical, so that it is warm throughout the year with an average temperature of 22º C in the Central Region, which increases in the coasts. There are only two seasons, the rainy season (May to November) and the dry season (December to April). Find here the weather conditions for today and for the next few days.
  • Official time: GMT –6.

    ∗National Institute on Biodiversity (INBIO).
    ∗∗La Nación.
    ∗∗∗UNICEF. 
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